List of Income Tax Rates by State for 2023

list of state income tax rates

Missouri does not tax military pensions, and active duty members can deduct military income from their Missouri adjusted gross income. Our free tax newsletter.As a tax attorney and writer, my goal is to help taxpayers get out of—and stay out of—trouble. As of 2019, only seven states—Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania—exempt all tangible personal property from tax. Another five states—Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Dakota, and South Dakota—exempt most tangible personal property from tax except for specific industries. And in some other states, there is a de minimis exemption for tangible personal property, meaning that tax is not owed on items with a small value.

list of state income tax rates

On the other hand, some states have reciprocity agreements in which they tax their own residents, regardless of where they work. If you did the quick math, you realized that flat tax list includes 13 states, not 11. That’s because New Hampshire and Washington impose a flat rate on individual taxes but not wages— New Hampshire taxes dividend and interest income, and Washington only taxes capital gains income.

California nonrefundable renters tax credit

Because taxes influence the relative prices facing individuals, they lead to changes in individual behavior. These tax-induced changes in behavior cause some portion (or all) of the economic burden of taxes to be shifted from those bearing the legal incidence onto others in society. For example, the legal incidence of corporate income taxA corporate income tax (CIT) is levied by federal and state governments on business profits.

The rate is scheduled to phase down by one percentage point per year until the tax is phased out entirely in 2027. The remaining states and the District of Columbia have state income tax brackets. The higher an individual’s income, the higher the tax bracket they will be placed into. California has the highest potential state income tax bracket of 13.3%. While these state income tax rates rates represent the maximum you might pay based on your earning bracket, the effective rate, after accounting for various deductions and credits, could ultimately be lower. Now, let’s look at the various types of taxes, starting with what state income taxes are, how they work, and why understanding these can make a difference to your financial well-being.

A State-by-State Comparison of Income Tax Rates

In other states, the top rate kicks in at a much higher level of marginal income. For example, the top rate kicks in at $1 million or more in California (when the “millionaire’s tax” surcharge is included), as well as in New Jersey, New York, and the District of Columbia. In New York, an additional top rate for income exceeding $25 million was enacted during the 2021 legislative session. North Carolina’s flat individual income tax rate decreased from 4.99 to 4.75 percent for 2023 as a result of SB 105, the 2021 Appropriations Act, which was enacted in November 2021.

  • For example, Alaska (1st), Wyoming (2nd), Tennessee (3rd), South Dakota (4th), Texas (6th), and Florida (11th) all do without taxes on individual income.
  • The bottom half of taxpayers, or taxpayers making under $46,637, faced an average income tax rate of 3.3 percent.
  • The remaining states and the District of Columbia have state income tax brackets.
  • For Married Filing Joint (MFJ) taxpayers with AGI below $23,500, the standard deduction is $7,500.
  • Looking for an overview of credits, e-filing, or contesting your property assessment?
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